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How to Keep Skin Infections at Bay?

Your skin is your body’s largest organ and plays a vital role in shielding your body from various illnesses. Take good care of it by taking as many measures as possible to prevent skin infections.

Skin infections are frequently encountered and can result in considerable discomfort and worry. These infections can be caused by a variety of microorganisms, such as viruses, fungi, bacteria, and parasites. Individuals with compromised immune systems are at a greater risk of developing skin infections and experiencing complications from them. Although many skin infections respond well to treatment, they can still be quite bothersome while they last. Keep reading to discover more about the most common skin infections and what you can do to prevent them.

List of Common Skin Infections

Some of the most prevalent skin infections include:

  • Cellulitis: It is a bacterial skin infection that leads to swelling, inflammation, and tenderness. While common, if untreated, it can escalate into a serious condition and spread quickly. Initially appearing as a swollen, red, and warm area, it typically affects the lower extremities. Cellulitis occurs when bacteria enter the bloodstream through open wounds, cuts, or insect bites, highlighting the importance of prompt treatment and wound care to prevent complications.
  • Ringworm: It is a fungal skin infection, despite its misleading name suggesting the involvement of worms. Characterised by a ring-shaped rash, it appears itchy and red, often accompanied by scaly skin and the formation of pustules or blisters. Highly contagious, ringworm can easily spread through direct contact, making prompt treatment and proper hygiene essential for containment.
  • Warts: They are a prevalent skin infection caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). This condition leads to the formation of rough, skin-coloured bumps on the skin. Warts are contagious and can be transmitted through direct contact with an infected individual. In some cases, small black dots may be visible on warts, representing clotted blood vessels. Although generally harmless, warts can cause discomfort and embarrassment due to their appearance and sometimes painful nature.
  • Athlete’s Foot: It is a fungal infection that often targets the areas between the toes, appearing as whitish scaly patches. This condition is typically caused by wearing closed footwear and socks, especially in damp conditions like rainy weather. To prevent Athlete’s Foot, it is advisable to wear open chappals or sandals that can be easily changed upon returning home or to the office.
  • Impetigo: It is a highly contagious skin infection commonly found in infants and children. It is caused by staphylococcus (staph) or streptococcus (strep) bacteria. This condition manifests as red sores on the skin that may rupture, ooze, and eventually form a yellow-brown crust.
  • MRSA: MRSA, short for methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, is a bacterial infection that has developed resistance to many antibiotics. It is caused by staph bacteria that are resistant to commonly prescribed antibiotics. Skin infections are the most prevalent form of MRSA infection, with symptoms typically including pimples or boils, along with swelling, redness, and discomfort.

How to Prevent Skin Infections?

Prevention is always better than cure, right? With so many common skin infections affecting people around the globe, it’s always a good idea to take measures to protect yourself against them. So, here are some simple tips you can follow to keep skin infections at bay.

  1. Maintain Good Hygiene: Maintaining good hygiene is crucial for preventing skin infections. Regularly washing your hands with warm water and soap is highly effective in keeping harmful bacteria away. Consider using antibacterial soap, such as Dettol soap, for thorough handwashing, especially before meals. The powerful germ protection formula of Dettol soap offers effective defence against skin infection-causing germs. Additionally, avoid sharing personal items like towels and razors to minimise the risk of transmitting skin microbes from one person to another.
  1. Take Care of Wounds and Cuts: Taking care of cuts and wounds is essential for maintaining skin health. Even minor scrapes, cuts, and bruises should be promptly and properly attended to. These injuries serve as entry points for bacteria and other pathogens that can cause infections. Ensure that wounds are kept clean and covered until they are fully healed to prevent complications.
  1. Keep Your Skin Dry and Clean: It’s crucial to keep your skin clean and dry to prevent fungal infections. Fungi thrive in moist, warm environments, so ensuring your skin stays dry and clean is essential. After sweating and washing, make sure to thoroughly dry yourself, paying particular attention to areas like armpits, groin, and feet. If these areas tend to get sweaty, then using talcum powder can help keep them dry.
  1. Wear Breathable Footwear and Clothing: Opt for breathable footwear and clothing to prevent moisture build-up, which can create a favourable environment for fungi. Tight, non-breathable footwear and clothing can trap moisture, increasing the risk of fungal infections. Choose footwear and fabrics that are breathable and moisture-wicking to help keep your skin dry and reduce the likelihood of fungal growth.
  1. Health Habits and Nutrition: Your daily habits and dietary choices play a crucial role in your overall skin health. A balanced diet, abundant in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants, supports skin health and boosts its ability to fend off infections. Foods packed with vitamins A and C, zinc, and omega-3 fatty acids are especially advantageous for maintaining healthy skin. Hydration is key to preserving skin elasticity and preventing dryness, which can make the skin prone to cracks and infections. Aim to consume at least eight glasses of water daily to optimise skin hydration and promote overall health.

Skin infections are widespread, but you can take several measures to prevent them. Primarily, regular hand washing with soaps such as Dettol soap, immediate attention to wounds, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle are the foundation of prevention.

Disclaimer: The views, suggestions, and opinions expressed here are the sole responsibility of the experts. No  journalist was involved in the writing and production of this article.